North of Cyprus During Negotiations
During the Ottoman Empire, Cyprus was granted with an immunity related to that of the Turkish population before it was ceded to Britain in 1878 and became a British colony after World War I.

On the 16th of August 1960, Cyprus, Greece, Turkey and the United Kingdom of Great Britain signed a total of three treaties; the “Treaty of Establishment of the Republic of Cyprus, Alliance and Guarantee” that endowed the Greek and Turkish population of the island with equal rights and finally founded the Republic of Cyprus.

New disputes occurred when the agenda of Cyprus going to join Greece arose in 1963, which held disadvantages for the Turkish population. After Armed Turkish Forces intervened in 1974, the Turks had to move to the northern part of the island, whereas the Greeks had to go south. Negotiations concerning the alignment of Turkish as well as Greek peoples’ rights under one roof and make them live together in peace, failed so that the island had to be split in two separate countries in the Northern and the Southern part.

The Turkish population of Cyprus called out the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in 1983, which is only acknowledged as de facto by Turkey, whereas Southern Cyprus is officially excepted as a state by many other countries as well as international organizations, and even obtained membership at the European Union on the 1st of May 2004.

The Cyprus issue was brought up again in 2000 when the United States, Great Britain, Turkey, Greece, the United Nations and the European Union decided upon the “Annan Plan” that should reunite the northern and southern parts of the island under one independent federal state.

As a means of reestablishing trust and unity between the peoples, the three borders separating the two nations were opened on the 23rd of April 2003 for mutual transition during negotiations upon the realization of “Annan”. After a referendum in 2004, that found approval from the Turkish side but rejection by the Greeks, the “Annan Plan” couldn’t be realized.

After Mustafa Akıncı, the president of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), officially took office on the 30th of April 2015, he met up with Nikos Anastasiadis, the Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus, for the first time on the 11th of May 2015. Together they revived the negotiation process upon the solution of the Cyprus Issue, which has been on hold since 2014, once more.

The future is still uncertain for the people of Northern Cyprus while the negotiations continue. Whether they identify themselves as Cypriot, Turkish Cypriot or Turkish, they are all looking for a country where they can live and earn their life independently, raise their children without identity issues with their economical as well as political rights being fully granted. 
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